This document enables the user to have a better understanding of rules and regulations used for writing journals. However, each institute has its own template so it is advised that after writing any journal or publication, refer to your specific institute references for writing journals and publications.
All files should be submitted as a Microsoft Word Document.
Articles should usually be between 4000 and 10000 words in length. This includes all text including references and appendices. Please allow roughly 280 words for each figure or table.
A title of not more than 16 words is advised.
Article Title Page
An Article Title Page should be submitted alongside each individual article using the template provided.
This should include:
- Article Title
- Author Details (see below)
- Author Biographies
- Structured Abstract (see below)
- Keywords (see below)
- Article Classification (see below)
Details should be supplied on the Article Title Page including:
- Full name of each author
- Affiliation of each author, at time research was completed
- Where more than one author has contributed to the article, details of who should be contacted for correspondence
- E-mail address of the corresponding author
Authors should supply a structured abstract on the Article Title Page, set out under 4-7 sub-headings:
- Purpose (mandatory)
- Design/methodology/approach (mandatory)
- Findings (mandatory)
- Research limitations/implications (if applicable)
- Practical implications (if applicable)
- Social implications (if applicable)
- Originality/value (mandatory)
Maximum should roughly be 250 words in total (including keywords and article classification.
You should provide up to 10 keywords on the Article Title Page, which encapsulate the principal topics of the paper.
Categorize your paper on the Article Title Page, under one of these classifications:
- Research paper
- Technical paper
- Conceptual paper
- Case study
- Literature review
- General review.
Headings should be concise, with a clear indication of the distinction between the hierarchy of headings.
The preferred format is for first level headings to be presented in bold format and subsequent sub-headings to be presented in medium italics.
Notes or Endnotes should be used only if absolutely necessary and must be identified in the text by consecutive numbers, enclosed in square brackets and listed at the end of the article.
Authors must declare all sources of external research funding in their article and a statement to this effect should appear in the Acknowledgements section. Authors should describe the role of the funder or financial sponsor in the entire research process, from study design to submission.
All Figures (charts, diagrams, line drawings, web pages/screenshots, and photographic images) should be submitted in electronic form.
All Figures should be of high quality, legible and numbered consecutively Graphics may be supplied in color to facilitate their appearance on the online database.
- Figures created in Microsoft Word, Microsoft PowerPoint, Microsoft Excel and Illustrator should be supplied in their native formats. Electronic figures created in other applications should be copied from the origination software and pasted into a blank Microsoft Word document or saved and imported into an Microsoft Word document or alternatively create a .pdf file from the origination software.
- Figures which cannot be supplied in as the above are acceptable in the standard image formats which are: .pdf, .ai, and .eps. If you are unable to supply graphics in these formats then please ensure they are .tif, .jpeg, or .bmp at a resolution of at least 300dpi and at least 10cm wide.
- To prepare web pages/screenshots simultaneously press the "Alt" and "Print screen" keys on the keyboard, open a blank Microsoft Word document and simultaneously press "Ctrl" and "V" to paste the image. (Capture all the contents/windows on the computer screen to paste into Microsoft Word, by simultaneously pressing "Ctrl" and "Print screen".)
Photographic images should be submitted electronically and of high quality. They should be saved as .tif or .jpeg files at a resolution of at least 300dpi and at least 10cm wide. Digital camera settings should be set at the highest resolution/quality possible.
Tables should be typed and included in a separate file to the main body of the article. The position of each table should be clearly labelled in the body text of article with corresponding labels being clearly shown in the separate file.
Ensure that any superscripts or asterisks are shown next to the relevant items and have corresponding explanations displayed as footnotes to the table, figure or plate.
References to other publications must be in Harvard style and carefully checked for completeness, accuracy and consistency. This is very important in an electronic environment because it enables your readers to exploit the Reference Linking facility on the database and link back to the works you have cited through CrossRef.
You should cite publications in the text, for example: (Adams, 2006) using the first named author's name or (Adams and Brown, 2006) citing either names of two, or (Adams et al., 2006), when there are three or more authors. At the end of the paper a reference list in alphabetical order should be supplied:
References For Books
For books you should follow below template:
Surname, Initials (year), Title of Book, Publisher, Place of publication.
References For Book Chapters
For book chapters you should follow below template:
Surname, Initials (year), "Chapter title", Editor's Surname, Initials, Title of Book, Publisher, Place of publication, pages.
e.g. Calabrese, F.A. (2005), "The early pathways: theory to practice – a continuum", in Stankosky, M. (Ed.), Creating the Discipline of Knowledge Management, Elsevier, New York, NY, pp. 15-20
References For Journals
For journals you should follow below template:
Surname, Initials (year), "Title of article", Journal Name, volume, number, pages.
e.g. Capizzi, M.T. and Ferguson, R. (2005), "Loyalty trends for the twenty-first century", Journal of Consumer Marketing, Vol. 22 No. 2, pp. 72-80.
References For Published Conference Proceedings
For journals you should follow below template:
Surname, Initials (year of publication), "Title of paper", in Surname, Initials (Ed.), Title of published proceeding which may include place and date(s) held, Publisher, Place of publication, Page numbers.
e.g. Jakkilinki, R., Georgievski, M. and Sharda, N. (2007), "Connecting destinations with an ontology-based e-tourism planner", in Information and communication technologies in tourism 2007 proceedings of the international conference in Ljubljana, Slovenia, 2007, Springer-Verlag, Vienna, pp. 12-32.
References For Unpublished Conference Proceedings
For unpublished conference proceedings you should follow below template:
Surname, Initials (year), "Title of paper", paper presented at Name of Conference, date of conference, place of conference, available at: URL if freely available on the internet (accessed date).
e.g. Aumueller, D. (2005), "Semantic authoring and retrieval within a wiki", paper presented at the European Semantic Web Conference (ESWC), 29 May-1 June, Heraklion, Crete, available at:http://dbs.uni-leipzig.de/file/aumueller05wiksar.pdf (accessed 20 February 2007).
References For Working Papers
For Working Papers you should follow below template:
Surname, Initials (year), "Title of article", working paper [number if available], Institution or organization, Place of organization, date.
e.g. Moizer, P. (2003), "How published academic research can inform policy decisions: the case of mandatory rotation of audit appointments", working paper, Leeds University Business School, University of Leeds, Leeds, 28 March.
References For Encyclopedia Entries (no author or editor)
For encyclopedia entries you should follow below template:
Title of Encyclopedia (year) "Title of entry", volume, edition, Title of Encyclopedia, Publisher, Place of publication, pages.
e.g. Encyclopaedia Britannica (1926) "Psychology of culture contact", Vol. 1, 13th ed., Encyclopaedia Britannica, London and New York, NY, pp. 765-71.
References For Newspaper Articles (non-authored)
For Newspaper Articles you should follow below template:
Newspaper (year), "Article title", date, pages.
e.g. Daily News (2008), "Small change", 2 February, p. 7.
References For Electronic Sources
If it is available online, the full URL should be supplied at the end of the reference, as well as a date that the resource was accessed.
e.g. Castle, B. (2005), "Introduction to web services for remote portlets", available at: http://www-128.ibm.com/developerworks/library/ws-wsrp/ (accessed 12 November 2007).
Standalone URLs, i.e. without an author or date, should be included either within parentheses within the main text, or preferably set as a note (Roman numeral within square brackets within text followed by the full URL address at the end of the paper).